Morphological and Structural Diversities of Indigenous Mycorrhiza Communities Associated to Castor Bean from Adamawa Cameroon

Main Article Content

Lucien Tatchum Tchuenteu
Abba Maimouna
Olivia Wafo Youmbi
Clautilde Megueni

Abstract

This study describes the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) that enter into association with castor bean growth wild in Subsaharan Africa. Three sites of castor bean stands were selected in each of the three Subdivisions (Ngaoundere I, Ngaoundere II and Nyambaka) of the Vina Division in Adamawa Cameroon. Soil samples and roots were taken from each castor bean rhizosphere. All samples from one site were mixed into a composite sample. Leek was used as trap plant. Mycorrhizal parameters, spores density and specific richness were determined following to the standard methods. After spore extraction, species identification was obtained through the informations provided by the International Vesicular Mycorrhizal fungi collection. Results indicate that Cameroonian castor bean accession was found to be symbiotic with AMF under Sudano-Guinean climate of Adamawa Cameroon. The morphological and structural characterization enabled the description of six AMF species, belonging to three genera: Glomus fasciculatum, Glomus sp1, Glomus sp2, Scutellospora calospora,  Scutellospora purpurasens, Entrophospora infrequens. These findings open opportunities for domestication and application of AMF for a sustainable castor bean productivity.

Keywords:
Ricinus communis L., mycorrhizal diversity, Adamawa Cameroon.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tchuenteu, L. T., Maimouna, A., Youmbi, O. W., & Megueni, C. (2020). Morphological and Structural Diversities of Indigenous Mycorrhiza Communities Associated to Castor Bean from Adamawa Cameroon. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 42(2), 16-24. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2020/v42i230466
Section
Original Research Article

References

1. Borg P, Lê G, Lebrun S, Pées B. Example of industrial valorisation of derivative products of castor oil. Innovation-Technologie, Oilseeds and Fats Crops and Lipids. 2009;16:211-214.
2. Tchuenteu TL, Megueni C, Tchobsala, Njintang YN. Effect of intercropping systems of castor bean, maize and common bean on their growth and seed yield in the Soudano Guinea Zone of Cameroon. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Technology B. 2013;3(8): 582-590.
3. Pina M, Severino LS, Beltrão NEM, Villeneuve P, Lago R. De nouvelles voies de valorisation pour redynamiser la filière ricin au brésil. Cahiers Agricultures. 2005; 14(1):169-171.
4. Tchuenteu TL, Mohamed A, Megueni C. Castor bean: Main uses and biodiversity in the Adamawa Cameroon. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2020;14(1):45-54.
5. Megueni C, Tchuenteu TL, Noubissie E, Njintang YN. Physico-chemical properties of cake and oil from three castor bean accessions (Ricinus communis L.) grown in the field in two agroecological zones of Northern Cameroon. International Journal of Reasearch Studies in Biosciences. 2016;4(5):6-15.
6. Weiss EA. Castor. In Oilseed Crops. 2nd Edition, Blackwell Scientific Ltd, Oxford. 2000;13-52.
7. Hedge DM, Sujatha M, Singh NB. Castor in India, Directorate of oil seeds. Research, Hyderabad, India; 2003.
8. Lucien TT, Philippe K, Said AA, Haman IR, Clautilde M. Morphological and structural diversity of native mycorrhizae communities associated with Gossypium hirsutum L. under Sudano-Sahelian Climate of North Cameroon. International Journal of Sciences. 2020;9(01):66-75.
9. Reddy KR, Matcha SK. Quantifying nitrogen effects on castor (Ricinus communis L,) development, growth and pathogensis. Industrial Crops and Products. 2010;31:185-191.
10. Wang B, Qiu YL. Phylogenetic distribution and evolution of mycorrhizas in land plants. Mycorrhiza. 2006;16:299-363.
11. Dalpé Y. Subsidiary body on scientific technical and technological advice (SBTTA). In: Convention sur la biodiversité. Blumwald E. (eds). Macmillan. London. 2003;100-130.
12. Caravaca F, Barea JM, Figueroa D, Roldán A. Assessing the effectiveness of mycorrhizal inoculation and soil compost addition for enhancing reforestation with Olea europaea subsp. sylvestris through changes in soil biological and physical parameters. Applied Soil Ecology. 2002; 20:107-118.
13. Deffo V, Ottou JF, Ombionyo M, Achundoh LE, Djoumessi M. Socio-economic factors that affect the use of agro-industrial by-products for livestock feed during off-season in Adamawa, Cameroon. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement. 2009;13(3):357-365.
14. Mapongmetsem P. Agroforestry and plants domestication in the tropics: Case of wet savannas of Adamawa-Cameroon. Com. ICRAF. Agroprolis International. 2000;12.
15. Vincent JM. A manual for the practical study of root-nodule bacteria. IBP Hanbook, Blackwell, Oxford. 1970;15.
16. Diallo AT. Contribution to taxonomic and ecological study of Glomales and influence of mycorrhization with Glomus mosseae and Glomus versiforme on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) growth and productivity cultivated under water deficit condition. Postgraduate Ph.D. thesis in Plant Biology, Cheikh Anta Diop University. 1998;113.
17. Gerdeman JW, Nicolson TH. Spore of mycorrhizal endogone species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting. Transaction British Mycological Society. 1963;46:235-244.
18. Philips JM, Hayman DS. Improved procedures for cleaning roots and staining parasitic and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Transaction British Mycological Society. 1970;55:158-161.
19. Trouvelot A, Kough JL, Gianinazzi-Pearson V. Assessment of mycorrhizal rate of a root system. Search for estimation methods with functional significance. Mycorrhizae: Physiology and genetics. ESM Dijon. INRA, Paris; 1985.
20. Tobolbai R, Adamou S, Ngakou A. Morphological and structural diversities of indigenous endomycorrhiza communities associated to maize [Zea mays (L.)] in Northern Cameroonian soils. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 2018;38(1): 6057-6073.
21. Koske RE, Tessier B. A convenient, permanent slide mounting medium. Newsletter American Mycological Society. 1983;34-59.
22. Morton B, Benny GL. Revised classification of arbusculars mycorrhizal fungi (Zygomycetes): New order, Glomales, two new families, Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporaceae, with an amendation of Glomaceae. Mycotaxon. 1990;37:471-491.
23. Sghir F, Chliyeh M, Kachkouch W, Khouader M, Touhami A, Benkirane R, Douira A. Mycorrhizal status of Olea europaea spp. oleaster in Morocco. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 2013;61: 4478-4489.
24. Shannon CE. A mathematical theory of communications. Bell Systems Technical Journal. 1948;27:379-423.
25. Diallo B, Samba SAN, Sane D. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on castor bean growth and development under saline stress in semi-controlled conditions. Revue des Energies Renouvelables. 2016; 1(19):5–68.
26. Shukla A, Kumar A, Jha A, Chartuvedi OP, Prasad R, Gupta A. Effects of shade on arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization and growth of crops and tree seedlings in central India. Agroforestry Systems. 2009; 76:95–109.
27. Voko DRRB, Ahonzo-Niamke SL, Zeze A. Impact of physicochemical properties of cassava growing soils on abundance and diversity of arbuscular mycorhizal fungi communities in the agro-ecological zone of Azaguie, Southern-East of Ivory Coast. Agronomie Africaine. 2013;25(3):5–264.
28. Zézé A, Ouattara B, Brou CY, Van D, Tuinem, Diallo-Attah H, Sangare A. Distribution and abundance of spores of arbuscular endomycorrhizogenic fungi in Tene forests in Ivory Coast. Agronomie Africaine. 2007;19(2):103–111.